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Teaching Kids About Energy Efficiency

  • Posted: 12.20.2018
boy at computer
Image: Pixabay

As we acquire more and more appliances, electronics and other electrical gadgets, it’s likely that our energy use increases, too. Learning how to save energy is a necessary part of managing our household budgets and in helping our environment, too. Since kids don’t automatically know how to save energy, it’s a job for parents to tackle. In view of this, make a New Year’s resolution to work with your kids to save energy in your home.

The Why
As a parent, it’s your job to make sure kids understand how and why. But before you can teach your children how to save energy, first answer the question, “what’s in it for me?” As most parents can attest, convincing kids to care about energy efficiency is a hard sell. In the simplest terms, less money spent on an electric bill can mean more money used for fun activities (that’s something children can relate to!). Harder to understand, but just as important, using less energy means running your home more efficiently, conserving natural resources and helping the environment.

Learning by Doing
Because “saving energy” is an abstract concept for children, be specific about energy efficiency actions and set an example. We know that children learn by observing what their parents do. Even if they don’t say anything, they are processing your actions. When you turn off the lights when leaving a room or unplug the phone charger once the device is fully charged, they will notice.

Learning about energy efficiency doesn’t have to be a boring lecture. Make it fun for greater impact.

For younger kids, turn energy efficiency into a treasure hunt game to locate all the things in your home that use electricity. Depending on the age of the children, challenge them to count and group the items into categories: electronics, appliances, lights, etc. If age appropriate, have them create a list. Ask which gadgets and appliances could be turned off or unplugged to save power every day.

For older children, show them how to program the smart thermostat and appliances. Shop with them for LED lights and discuss Energy Star-rated appliances. Show them the electric bill so they can see the costs, energy use and how their actions impact the bill.

Kids of all ages can learn a few simple energy-saving habits that can last a lifetime:

  • Turn off lights, devices, computers and video consoles when not in use
  • Open blinds and curtains during winter days to let warm sunlight in and close them during summer days to keep your home cooler
  • If your children are old enough to run the dishwasher or wash their own clothes, teach them to run these appliances only with a full load and during off-peak energy hours; if the appliances have energy-saving cycles, test them to see if these cycles get clothes or dishes clean

Rewards
Offer rewards for agreed-upon milestones. Rewards provide positive reinforcement on energy-saving actions. The idea is to create a habit of being energy efficient. And for parents, this could mean less nagging about turning off the lights!

Teaching your children about saving energy is not only a creative way to spend time with them; it helps your home to be more energy efficient and can instill good habits that will benefit your child long into adulthood.